8-31-15 Journal Entry- Hoseline Operations

Hoseline Operations

***Note: the next few days are all going to be notes from the book “Firefighting Strategy and Tactics” By Harry Carter

“An Aggressive Interior Attack can do more to limit the spread of fire than several master streams later in the operation”

“The Primary Mechanism for the control of fire, and therefore the prevention of death and injury, involves the prompt application of water on the fire”

Hoseline Hints

  • Be sure you have a secure water supply
  • Use the proper size of supply line
  • Big Fire, Big Water
  • Little Fire, Little Water
  • Never position your self in front of a door to a burning room
  • Don’t Crowd the attack crew
  • Never pass fire
  • The Engine company MUST Work as a team

8-30-15 Journal Entry- Understanding your enemy

Understanding your enemy

***Note: the next few days are all going to be notes from the book “Firefighting Strategy and Tactics” By Harry Carter

Where is the Fire?

Where is it Going?

Where Do I Have to Stop It?

5 Stages of Fire

  1. Ignition
  2. Growth
  3. Flashover
  4. Fully Developed
  5. Decay

Factors affecting Fire Development

    • Size, Number, and Arrangement of Ventilation Openings
    • Volume of the Compartment
    • Thermal Properties of the compartment
    • Ceiling Height
    • Size, Composition, and Location of Fuel Package
    • Availability and Location of Additional Fuel

Fire Can Extend By

  • Unprotected Openings
  • Multi-Layered Ceilings
  • Thermal Layering
  • Cocklofts
  • Openings in Walls

Flameover- Involvement of only the Fire Gases

Rollover- Involves surfaces of other fuel packages

8-29-15 Journal Entry- Reading Smoke

Reading Smoke

  • Smoke is Fuel!
  • Turbulent Smoke is a Warning Sign of impending Flashover
  • The Darker the Smoke, the Hotter the Smoke is
  • Smoke Leaving multiple openings that is same color and same velocity = Deep Seated Fire
  • Whitish Smoke that has it’s own energy = Hot Fire but has traveled some distance
  • Very Thin, Fast Driven, Black Smoke = Flame Pushed

Much More HERE, HERE

8-26-15 Run Down

A lot of good stuff today. Please Share!

Hank with a little to say about cancer HERE

Size-up Not just What it is but What it was HERE

***Good Stuff*** What’s Your Operation? HERE

In the Dark HERE

Foam operations HERE

Know Your District: DC Pettaway Talks Size-up and Boston Helmet Shields HERE

Aggressive Destruction HERE

The Sunday Preach- Do You PPV? HERE

Leadership: A View from the Bottom Up HERE

The Hotel PDL “Service Calls” HERE

Some Vintage Fire Pics HERE

8-26-15 Journal Entry- Collapse Indicators

Collapse Indicators

Possible Collapse Indicators

  • Cracks or Separations in Walls, Floors, Ceilings, or Roof Structures
  • Existing Structural Instability (Tie Rods, or “Stars”)
  • Loose Bricks, Blocks, or Stones
  • Deteriorated Mortar between the Masonry
  • Leaning Walls
  • Excessive Weight of Building Contents
  • Unusual Cracking Noises
  • Structural Members pulling away from walls
  • Prolonged Fire Exposure to the Structural Members
  • Crippled Walls
  • Sagging Roofs
  • Sheared Pipes
  • Veneer Falling off
  • Upper Floor Shifting

8-24-15 Journal Entry- 10 Commandments of Truck Operations

10 Commandments of Truck Operations

10 Commandments of Truck Company Operations

  1. Don’t Forget your Primary Mission
  2. It’ the Basics before you Arrive on Scene
  3. Manage the ICS
  4. Your Aerial Device can be a Useful Tool If YOU LET IT
  5. Determine available Fireground Time
  6. Evaluate and Set Priorities
  7. Become a Mental Contractor
  8. When in Doubt, Ventilate
  9. Continually Evaluate your Fireground environment
  10. Ensure the Viability of an Escape Route

Source: John Mittendorf

8-21-15 Journal Entry- Transitional Attack Thoughts

Transitional Attack Thoughts

The Intention of a Transitional Attack or “Re-Setting” The Fire is to:

  1. Reduce the Thermal Energy Production in a Rapidly Growing Fire from a Flow Path Driven Fire
  2. Reset the Fire Back in time & Slow Fire growth
  3. Reduce the Potential for Extreme Fire Behavior
  4. Reduce the Temperatures for a SAFER INTERIOR Attack

Just Some initial thoughts, more on this later.

8-20-15 Journal Entry- Random Thoughts

Random Thoughts

  • Evaluate the Smoke Condition BEFORE Committing a Search
  • When in Doubt, Lay it Out
  • Communicate your Actions and your Needs

3 Ideas for when Formal Training gets canceled (For whatever reason)

    1. Video Based Preplans
    2. LODD Report Drills
    3. Apparatus Trivia



8-19-15 Run Down

Hey a lot of stuff today…

Tactical Fire Problem- Car Accident HERE

Tactical Fire Problem- Bungalow HERE

Leadership Language- Appearance HERE

60 Second Safety- Us? HERE

FF Training Podcast- Fireground Operations HERE

Training Officers Toolbox: Fire Behavior HERE

The Driver- Operator HERE

Death During Search, 2010- Present HERE

I Dare You To Read This! HERE

Why is Making the Roof So Bad? HERE

Pro-Active Drivers- HERE

Thanks for Reading, A lot of Stuff this Time.

8-18-15 Journal Entry- The NIOSH 5


Today we look at The NIOSH 5 Causal Factors of FIREGROUND RELATED Line of Duty Deaths


  1. Improper Risk Assessment
  2. Lack of Command
  3. Lack of Accountability
  4. Inadequate Communications
  5. Lack of SOPs, or Failure to follow The SOPs you have Established

If you look at any NIOSH LODD Report, I guaranty you will find at least 1 on these factors if not MORE!

HERE, is an Article I Wrote a while back concerning the NIOSH 5

8-16-15 Journal Entry- Search


  • Use a Systematic search procedure as defined by your SOPs
  • Know where you are at all times and have a secondary plan to get out if things go bad
  • ***MOST Victims are found behind doors, in bedrooms, hallways, in areas of egress, and under windows***
  • If a Victim is found Conscious, determine removal based on the conditions
  • If a victim is found unconscious, remove by the way of the interior