11-30-15 Journal Entry- RIT Notes… Again

RIT Notes… Again

The primary goal of the RIT should be to:

  1. Locate the downed firefighter.
  2. Keep the downed firefighter on continuous air.
  3. Keep the fire off the downed firefighter.

Most operational LODD’s result from asphyxia first and burns second.  The goal of the initial team is to create a protective envelope around the downed firefighter.  If you keep the firefighter on air and the fire away, you can work on solving any additional challenges such as collapse, etc…

Most successful rescues of firefighters are a combination of:

  1. Excellent basic firefighting skills.
  2. Basic tools and equipment.
  3. Ingenious, out of the box thinking.
  4. Communication, problem-solving, and teamwork.

There is not a one-size fits-all tool you can buy and throw on the rig to solve your RIT problems.  Scenarios are often unique and often highlight a situation we hadn’t thought of until after it occurred.  To be prepared we must first be excellent at fighting fire and PREVENTING the RIT deployment and second we must be problem-solvers with many “tools in our toolboxes” from which we can pull and generate a solution.

What was the last RIT training you did?

Was it realistic?

Was it based on the rules above?

Remember – no one is coming in for us, but US.  

SOURCE 

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11-28-15 Journal Entry- Advice for PROBIES… From Deputy Chief Ray Downey

Advice for PROBIES…  From Deputy Chief Ray Downey

  • When ready for duty – check allthe masks – full cylinders, clean facepieces, etc
  • When reporting for duty – ask if anyone wants to leave early
  • Make sure all your gear is ready to go. Check your pockets for gloves & light.
  • Make coffee-learn how the coffee machine works.
  • Lunch & Dinner – find out what has to be done, i.e., peel the potatoes, clean the fish, etc.,
  • Set the table, dishes, knives & forks, glasses, salt & pepper, etc.,
  • After lunch or dinner, jump into the sink, pots, pans, dishes, etc.,
  • When something has to be done, “Volunteer,” don’t wait for the Officer to tell you to do it
  • Find out what the “Company Policy Is!” watches, AFID, nozzle, back up, etc.,
  • Always say “SIR” to Chief’s & Officers (they like it)
  • Always get off the rig with your mask when responding to a report of a “FIRE
  • When at fire, listen for your Officers instructions
  • Always stay with your Company
  • At fires – STAY LOW
  • Keep your mouth shut and your eyes & ears open.
  • “NEVER GIVE UP,” a famous quote from aI.

11-26-15 Journal Entry- Thoughts on Venting by Chief John Buckman

Thoughts on Venting by Chief John Buckman

  • Ventilation should be well thought out and planned by the Incident Commander.
  • Improper ventilation may reduce the survivability profile of any potential civilians.
  • Improper ventilation may spread the fire.
  • Inadequate ventilation may prevent the rapid application of water from a location that is most advantageous to fire suppression.
  • Inadequate ventilation may increase the chances of backdraft or flashover.
  • Ventilation is a critical tactical weapon that will require an adequate amount of resources to perform in a rapid and efficient manner to reduce the risk to interior fire suppression and reduce the time to apply water to the fire.
  • A firefighter who is serious about fire suppression tactics must study and learn as much as possible about smoke, heat, fire behavior and the combustibles in the buildings where we have to fight fires.
  • Today the combustibles are primarily solid gasoline, fires burn different, heat patterns may be more radical.
  • The key to aggressive interior fire suppression for today’s fire fighter is to continually stay abreast of fire behavior growth patterns and understand air currents and the impact of proper ventilation tactics.

11-25-15 Journal Entry- TACTICAL TIPS

TACTICAL TIPS

(Taken from Bret Tarver’s LODD Report)

  • Basic firefighting skills are critical. These skills should be reinforced at every opportunity.
  • The Hose line = Safety = Exit.
  • The Window of survivability is directly related to firefighters’ SCBA air supply.
  • Operating in a large commercial building with very little visibility is very dangerous.
  • Company Officers should take a pessimistic approach when placing apparatus on the fireground.
  • Lost Firefighters:
    • Self-Survival skills are critical
    • Firefighters need to activate their PASS units when lost
    • Firefighters must stay together
    • Command must identify who’s down and from what company
    • Firefighters must follow SOP’s when in trouble
  • Crews must maintain the firefight throughout a mayday/search and rescue activities
  • Search Vs. Rescue, each may require a separate plan and separate crews
    • Search = Finding
    •  Rescue = Removal
  • Fire companies need to pre-plan occupancies within their first due response area
  • A Strong Command presence is needed from the very beginning
  • Reinforcement of the initial and on-going Size-up is critical for firefighter safety
  • The IC must maintain an accurate account of all firefighters operating on the Fireground
  • The following Factors are important consideration on all incidents:
    • Building- Size, Location, Arrangement, Age, Occupancy, Consideration
    • Fire- size, location, stage, fire control, smoke blocking view, wind effect, color, and amount.
    • Vertical Ventilation is Key!!
    • IAP- Strategy, Tactics, Forecast for the worst, Commands focus upon the rescue, Command must announce who they are searching for.
  • During multi “Maydays”, Command must identify who they are, where they are located, and their needs.
  • A Large command staff is needed to manage an incident that is escalating. When the IC receives a mayday, he or she must maintain a focus on the firefighter in trouble.
  • Command should establish a Safety Sector early in the incident
  • Commercial and residential fires are very different. We should practice fighting residential fires like commercial fires.
  • All companies operating on the fireground should have a TIC
  • The staffing of fire companies is an important factor in firefighter safety, fireground activities, and overall fireground success.
  • Companies should receive air Management Training.
  • The Sift Commanders and Battalion Chiefs must have an active role in Battalion Training.
  • Strong firefighting skills should be included in all battalion training and Minimum Company Standards evaluations.
  • RIC Training should be reinforced in Battalion Training and MCS evaluations.
  • All levels in the ICS must participate in frequent simulations.
  • Frequent training on and following SOP’s pm the fireground is key for incident Scene success.

11-24-15 Journal Entry- Reading the Building for Search

Reading the Building for Search

There are 5 Factors to Reading the Building for Search Operations

  1. Construction Type
  2. Occupancy Type
  3. The Entry Point (The Way to Get In)
  4. Locating the Stairs
  5. Where the victims might be

Construction Type

What Type is the Building, but also look at Fire Behavior AND Building construction and base it on Victim Survivability.

Occupancy Type

Pretty Self-explanatory, a Residential occupancy has a higher probability of victims as opposed to a commercial occupancy, NOT TO SAY THERE ISN’T A LIFE HAZARD IN A COMMERCIAL BUILDING

The Entry Point (The Way to Get In)

Both for the hoseline placement, and for the location of the fire as it relates to possible victims

Locating Stairs

Find the Stairs and you have a higher chance of finding victims, in the path of egress

Where the victims might be

Based on Time of Day, and week

11-23-15 Journal Entry- Chief Brunacini’s way of Prioritizing Assignments

Chief Brunacini’s way of Prioritizing Assignments

In Bruno’s Book “Fire Command” he talked about his 4 priorities at every fire. They are:

Firefighter Safety

We want to be part of the solution, NOT part of the problem.

Civilian Safety

Do what is necessary to protect and save civilian life.

Stop the Problem

Conserve Property

Life Comes first, but do what you can to save the customer’s belongings

11-21-15 Run Down

The 1942 Luongo’s Restaurant Fire and Collapse HERE

Window Bar Removal HERE

Search that Saves Lives HERE

Assessing your Standard Level of Competence HERE

The Mentor Effect HERE

First Due Truck Work HERE (Note: Click on the Picture to download as a PDF)

Mounting an Intelligent Interior Attack HERE

More Tactical Decision Games HERE

Building Renovations: the hidden dangers HERE

We are Hope HERE

Throw back to Basics: Hydraulic Ventilation HERE

 

 

11-19-15 Journal Entry- The 3 Most Common Areas To Find A Victim

The 3 Most Common Areas To Find A Victim

The 3 most common areas to find a victim:

  1. Paths of Egress
  2. Bedrooms
  3. Bathrooms

Statistically speaking, most ADULT Fire Victims are found close to the main entry door leading into/out of the residential dwelling. (The Paths of Egress)

Closets in bedrooms must also be thoroughly searched.

Bathrooms are not usually thought of to be a common room to find victims, however many people falsely believe that the hard tile surface and the water from sinks and showers will protect them. Hence the 3rd most common area to find victims.